Arrhythmia in the Elderly: Types, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Arrhythmia in the Elderly: Types, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Arrhythmia types in the elderly:

In a healthy person, the frequency of contractions of the heart muscle is 60–80 beats per minute. In case of cardiac arrhythmias, an increase or decrease in the frequency of contractions is observed, which leads to interruptions in the working of this organ. Atrial fibrillation is the most common disease in older people, but there are still more than ten types of this disorder.

All types of arrhythmias are characterized by impaired contraction of the heart muscle, regardless of a decrease or increase in the frequency of strokes: Tachycardia is characterized by an increase in the frequency of heart contractions of more than 80 beats per minute. Manifested by a sensation of palpitations, rapid breathing, in some cases extraordinary extrasystoles and jolts.

Bradycardia is characterized by a decrease in heart rate to 60 beats per minute. It may occur due to certain medication or due to other heart ailments. Tachycardia and bradycardia occur in every person throughout their lives. A short manifestation of this condition does not indicate the presence of any heart disorder. But if similar failures recur frequently, and other difficulties are observed, this may indicate the presence of a serious disease and require a medical examination.

Arrhythmia in older people may show different symptoms depending on its type and the general condition of the person. Signs and clinical course of the disease do not differ in men and women most times. The main symptoms of arrhythmia in elderly patients are disorders of breathing and brain function.

Symptoms and signs of arrhythmia:

All signs of this disease in an elderly person are caused by physiological changes in the body due to cardiac abnormalities.

Men and women have common symptoms:

chest pain and pressure;

shortness of breath and rapid breathing;

feeling of heartbeat;

weakness, dizziness, fainting, faintness;

in some cases, women may experience convulsions and increased headaches.

When the above-mentioned symptoms are observed in an elderly person at an early stage of arrhythmia development, you can begin a course of treatment, change the diet, reduce physical exertion, which will help minimize the occurrence of complications.

How is arrhythmia diagnosed in older people?

For arrhythmias in the elderly, treatment is prescribed only after a full medical examination.

Possible measures include:

multi-day monitoring of the electrocardiogram;

laboratory blood test: UAC and lipidogram;

heart ultrasound;

ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland;

ECG.

The electrocardiogram is currently the most common and accessible method for studying the disorder. With the help of such a diagnosis, it is possible to obtain data on past diseases, the existence of pain syndrome, coronary disease, and the usual heart rhythm. In an ECG study, you can establish an accurate diagnosis and select a method of treatment: drug or cardiac surgery. Using an electrocardiogram, it is possible to determine the causes of arrhythmia in an elderly person and also the best possible treatment procedure.

About Medicare Supplemental coverage for older adults:

Also mentioned as Medicare supplement plans; found at https://www.medisupps.com/cigna-medicare-supplemental-insurance-2018/they pay for out of pocket healthcare expenses which are not a part of Original Medicare policy.